thanos query-frontend command implements a service that can be put in front of Thanos Queriers to improve the read path. It is based on the Cortex Query Frontend component so you can find some common features like
Query Frontend is fully stateless and horizontally scalable.
Example command to run Query Frontend:
thanos query-frontend \ --http-address "0.0.0.0:9090" \ --query-frontend.downstream-url="<thanos-querier>:<querier-http-port>"
_NOTE: Currently only range queries (
/api/v1/query_range API call) are actually processed through Query Frontend. All other API calls just directly go to the downstream Querier, which means only range queries are split and cached. But we are planning to support instant queries as well.
For more information please check out initial design proposal.
Query Frontend splits a long query into multiple short queries based on the configured
--query-range.split-interval flag. The default value of
24h. When caching is enabled it should be greater than
There are some benefits from query splitting:
Query Frontend supports a retry mechanism to retry query when HTTP requests are failing. There is a
--query-range.max-retries-per-request flag to limit the maximum retry times.
Query Frontend supports caching query results and reuses them on subsequent queries. If the cached results are incomplete, Query Frontend calculates the required subqueries and executes them in parallel on downstream queriers. Query Frontend can optionally align queries with their step parameter to improve the cacheability of the query results. Currently, in-memory cache (fifo cache) and memcached are supported.
type: IN-MEMORY config: max_size: "" max_size_items: 0 validity: 0s
max_size: Maximum memory size of the cache in bytes. A unit suffix (KB, MB, GB) may be applied.
_NOTE: If both
max_size_items are not set, then the cache would not be created.
If either of
max_size_items is set, then there is not limit on other field. For example - only set
max_size_item to 1000, then
max_size is unlimited. Similarly, if only
max_size is set, then
max_size_items is unlimited.
Example configuration: kube-thanos
type: MEMCACHED config: addresses:  timeout: 0s max_idle_connections: 0 max_async_concurrency: 0 max_async_buffer_size: 0 max_get_multi_concurrency: 0 max_item_size: 0 max_get_multi_batch_size: 0 dns_provider_update_interval: 0s expiration: 0s
expiration specifies memcached cache valid time , If set to 0s, so using a default of 24 hours expiration time
Other cache configuration parameters, you can refer to memcached-index-cache.
The default memcached config is:
type: MEMCACHED config: addresses: [your-memcached-addresses] timeout: 500ms max_idle_connections: 100 max_async_concurrency: 10 max_async_buffer_size: 10000 max_get_multi_concurrency: 100 max_get_multi_batch_size: 0 dns_provider_update_interval: 10s expiration: 24h
Query Frontend supports
--query-frontend.log-queries-longer-than flag to log queries running longer than some duration.
Naming is hard :) Please check here to see why we chose
query-frontend as the name.
usage: thanos query-frontend [<flags>] query frontend Flags: -h, --help Show context-sensitive help (also try --help-long and --help-man). --version Show application version. --log.level=info Log filtering level. --log.format=logfmt Log format to use. Possible options: logfmt or json. --tracing.config-file=<file-path> Path to YAML file with tracing configuration. See format details: https://thanos.io/tip/thanos/tracing.md/#configuration --tracing.config=<content> Alternative to 'tracing.config-file' flag (lower priority). Content of YAML file with tracing configuration. See format details: https://thanos.io/tip/thanos/tracing.md/#configuration --http-address="0.0.0.0:10902" Listen host:port for HTTP endpoints. --http-grace-period=2m Time to wait after an interrupt received for HTTP Server. --query-range.align-range-with-step Mutate incoming queries to align their start and end with their step for better cache-ability. Note: Grafana dashboards do that by default. --query-range.split-interval=24h Split query range requests by an interval and execute in parallel, it should be greater than 0 when query-range.response-cache-config is configured. --query-range.max-retries-per-request=5 Maximum number of retries for a single query range request; beyond this, the downstream error is returned. --query-range.max-query-length=0 Limit the query time range (end - start time) in the query-frontend, 0 disables it. --query-range.max-query-parallelism=14 Maximum number of query range requests will be scheduled in parallel by the Frontend. --query-range.response-cache-max-freshness=1m Most recent allowed cacheable result for query range requests, to prevent caching very recent results that might still be in flux. --query-range.partial-response Enable partial response for query range requests if no partial_response param is specified. --no-query-range.partial-response for disabling. --query-range.response-cache-config-file=<file-path> Path to YAML file that contains response cache configuration. --query-range.response-cache-config=<content> Alternative to 'query-range.response-cache-config-file' flag (lower priority). Content of YAML file that contains response cache configuration. --labels.split-interval=24h Split labels requests by an interval and execute in parallel, it should be greater than 0 when labels.response-cache-config is configured. --labels.max-retries-per-request=5 Maximum number of retries for a single label/series API request; beyond this, the downstream error is returned. --labels.max-query-parallelism=14 Maximum number of labels requests will be scheduled in parallel by the Frontend. --labels.response-cache-max-freshness=1m Most recent allowed cacheable result for labels requests, to prevent caching very recent results that might still be in flux. --labels.partial-response Enable partial response for labels requests if no partial_response param is specified. --no-labels.partial-response for disabling. --labels.default-time-range=24h The default metadata time range duration for retrieving labels through Labels and Series API when the range parameters are not specified. --labels.response-cache-config-file=<file-path> Path to YAML file that contains response cache configuration. --labels.response-cache-config=<content> Alternative to 'labels.response-cache-config-file' flag (lower priority). Content of YAML file that contains response cache configuration. --cache-compression-type="" Use compression in results cache. Supported values are: 'snappy' and ” (disable compression). --query-frontend.downstream-url="http://localhost:9090" URL of downstream Prometheus Query compatible API. --query-frontend.compress-responses Compress HTTP responses. --query-frontend.log-queries-longer-than=0 Log queries that are slower than the specified duration. Set to 0 to disable. Set to < 0 to enable on all queries. --query-frontend.org-id-header=<http-header-name> ... Request header names used to identify the source of slow queries (repeated flag). The values of the header will be added to the org id field in the slow query log. If multiple headers match the request, the first matching arg specified will take precedence. If no headers match 'anonymous' will be used. --log.request.decision=LogFinishCall Request Logging for logging the start and end of requests. LogFinishCall is enabled by default. LogFinishCall : Logs the finish call of the requests. LogStartAndFinishCall : Logs the start and finish call of the requests. NoLogCall : Disable request logging.